BUNDA MARIA

Assalamu’alaykum Wr. Wb.

Berbicara mengenai pribadi Isa al-Masih, kita tidak akan bisa menghindari pembahasan terhadap diri ibundanya, Maryam. Bahkan latar belakang ketokohan Isa al-Masih sepanjang sejarah agama-agama langit bertitik tolak dari peranan Maryam yang namanya menjadi salah satu pujaan ditengah masyarakat Kristiani Trinitas melalui devosi Maria dan Islam sendiri menyatakan bahwa ia salah satu dari empat wanita termulia yang pernah hidup didunia.

Siti Maryam atau dikenal juga sebagai bunda maria diduga dilahirkan dikota Sepphoris yang terletak disebelah utara kota Palestina. Kota Sepphoris adalah sebuah kota besar dimana bangsa Yahudi dan bangsa Romawi hidup berdampingan dengan damai. Sepphoris juga merupakan ibu kota Galilea yang terkenal dengan rumah-rumahnya yang indah dan gedung teaternya yang besar.

Kota ini hancur luluh dilanda gempa bumi besar ketika Maria masih anak-anak sehingga keluarganya pindah beberapa mil jauhnya ke Nazareth, sebuah desa kecil yang berpenduduk sekitar 150 hingga 300 orang. Istilah Nazareth sendiri dalam bahasa Ibrani memiliki dua arti berbeda, yaitu bunga bakung dan arti lainnya adalah keturunan.

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JHON SHELBY SPONG SAID

Reforming Christology: He Did not Die for My Sins

"The view of the cross as the sacrifice for the sins of the world is a barbaric idea based on a primitive concept of God that must be dismissed."–Thesis Number 6 from The Twelve Theses: A Call for a New Reformation"

In May of 1998 when I posted on the Internet Twelve Theses for debate, drawn from my book Why Christianity Must Change or Die, I could not have imagined the intensity of the response. The debate has been welcomed and condemned, entered and avoided by countless numbers of people. The Theses have been preached on positively and negatively in this diocese, at St. Paul’s Cathedral in London, in Australia, Canada, South Africa and New Zealand. The most emotional response has come to Thesis Number 6 that has to do with the interpretation of the cross and the role of Jesus in the drama of salvation, where I have challenged the adequacy of the phrase: "Jesus died for my sins."

That phrase has been used so often in Christian history that it has achieved the status of a mantra. That is, it is repeated over and over without explanation as if its meaning is self-evident. It does not lend itself to questions or to debate. It is simply advanced again and again. The Eucharist assumes it, many of our hymns reflect it. Yet to the modern mind this phrase, when analyzed, is all but nonsensical.

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ISLAM EBOOK COLLECT

Ebook Ini sebenar nya bersumber dari www.pakdenono.com karna untuk di sebarkan maka kami berusaha untuk menyebar luaskan nya dan menyatukan ebook2 tersebut tanpa mengubah isa, layout dll hanya saja kami mendesignkan template dan melakukan extend agar saudara mudah membaca nya dalam satu file.

Ebook ini dicetuskan berdasarkan pengamatan pada kondisi umat Islam di Indonesia, negara dengan penduduk muslim terbesar di dunia, namun memiliki pemahaman dan pandangan tentang Islam yang variatif, tidak terarah, tidak konsisten, dan cukup banyak kekeliruan. Ini bisa dilihat dari ketidakperhatian pemerintah dan masyarakat akan Islam itu sendiri.

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THE MARRIAGE OF JESUS

In a setting where celibacy is prized and marriage considered a less holy human state, it has been traditionally taught that Jesus, as a divine man, was above human weakness and could not have been married. That belief is central to Catholicism, and has been preserved even in Protestantism.

Jesus was a descendant of the line of David, through his father Joseph, as we have been seeing. Being a pre-nuptial son of Joseph, a stricter view treated him as illegitimate, while a more liberal hellenised view accepted him as the legitimate heir. It was personally necessary to him, and necessary for his party, that he should continue his dynastic line, which aimed at political power. He did so by following the Essene rules for sex more strictly than his parents had, having a long betrothal period, a first ceremony beginning a trial marriage of up to three years, then a second ceremony when his wife was three months pregnant.

His wife was Mary Magdalene. When Luke 8:2 says that seven demons had gone out of her, it simply means that when she married Jesus, she ceased being under the authority of Judas Iscariot, the militant successor of Judas the Galilean. He was the Chief Levite in charge of the Virgins, that is nuns. She had been taught the zealot doctrine, that she must be a freedom fighter, heroically resisting the Roman occupation. Judas Iscariot was called “Demon 7” because all militants were called “demons” and “demoniacs”. It was Judas Iscariot who objected to her alliance with Jesus in John 12:4-5. When Demon 7 “went out of her”, it means that he lost his authority over her and her order of nuns, because Jesus convinced her to change her political opinions to be pro-Roman, like his.

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ANSWERS TO NON-MUSLIMS QUESTIONS ABOUT ISLAM

Da’wah is a duty

Most Muslims know that Islam is a universal religion, meant for all mankind. Allah (swt) is the Lord of the entire Universe, and Muslims have been entrusted with the duty of conveying His message to all mankind. Alas, most Muslims today have become callous towards this duty! While accepting Islam as the best way of life for ourselves, most of us are unwilling to share this knowledge with those to whom the message has not yet been conveyed. The Arabic word Da’wah means a call or an invitation. In Islamic context, it means to strive for the propagation of Islam.

The Glorious Qur’an says:

“Ah! Who is more unjust than those who conceal the testimony they have from Allah? But Allah is not unmindful of what ye do!” [Al-Qur’an 2:140]

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POLYGAMY

Question:

Why is a man allowed to have more than one wife in Islam? i.e. why is polygamy allowed in Islam?

 

Answer:

  1. Definition of Polygamy
    Polygamy means a system of marriage whereby one person has more than one spouse. Polygamy can be of two types. One is polygyny where a man marries more than one woman, and the other is polyandry, where a woman marries more than one man. In Islam, limited polygyny is permitted; whereas polyandry is completely prohibited.

    Now coming to the original question, why is a man allowed to have more than one wife?
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POLYANDRY

Question:

If a man is allowed to have more than one wife, then why does Islam prohibit a woman from having more than one husband?

 

Answer:

A lot of people, including some Muslims, question the logic of allowing Muslim men to have more than one spouse while denying the same ‘right’ to women. Let me first state emphatically, that the foundation of an Islamic society is justice and equity. Allah has created men and women as equal, but with different capabilities and different responsibilities. Men and women are different, physiologically and psychologically. Their roles and responsibilities are different. Men and women are equal in Islam, but not identical. Surah Nisa’ Chapter 4 verses 22 to 24 gives the list of women with whom Muslim men can not marry. It is further mentioned in Surah Nisa’ Chapter 4 verse 24 “Also (prohibited are) women already married”

 

 

The following points enumerate the reasons why polyandry is prohibited in Islam:

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